Endangered and Threatened Species

Because National Wildlife Refuges, like Bosque del Apache, are protected and managed lands, they can make ideal locations for the recovery of plant and animal species that are endangered, threatened, or have another special status through the Endangered Species Act.

  • New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse

    A small mouse with large hind feet, the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse is federally endangered in all parts of its range. Because it is an unusual mouse that is known to hibernate for up to eight months of the year and typically produces just one litter per year, efforts to expand its range are ongoing.

    At Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, summer camera surveys in suitable habitat attempt to capture images of this nocturnal mouse which feeds at the tops of sedges and grasses. The New Mexico meadow jumping mouse prefers habitat with saturated soils such as ditch banks, canals, and wet meadows. Learn more about the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse. 

  • Southwestern Willow Flycatcher

    A stocky flycatcher with a distinctive “fitz-bew” call, the southwestern willow flycatcher is federally endangered in all parts of its range. This species is typically found at Bosque del Apache from mid-April through late August.

    At Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, summer audio and visual surveys in suitable habitat attempt to document presence and nesting success of this bug-eating bird. The southwestern willow flycatcher prefers habitat near water in willows and cottonwoods. Learn more about the southwestern willow flycatcher. 

  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo

    A long-tailed cuckoo with a hefty bill, the yellow-billed cuckoo is federally threatened in all parts of its range. This species is typically found at Bosque del Apache from mid-April through late August.

    At Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, summer audio and visual surveys in suitable habitat attempt to map presence and nesting success of this caterpillar-hunting bird. The yellow-billed cuckoo prefers riparian forest habitat in cottonwoods. Learn more about the yellow-billed cuckoo.

  • Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

    A small fish of the Rio Grande, the Rio Grande silvery minnow is federally endangered in all parts of its range. Work to support this species is conducted as a partnership between multiple agencies.

    At Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, efforts by the New Mexico Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office are conducted in the spring to salvage Rio Grande silvery minnow eggs and adults as the summer water levels in the Rio Grande slowly lower. Learn more about the Rio Grande silvery minnow.