The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands.

Sagebrush country contains biological, cultural and economic resources of national significance. America’s sagebrush ecosystem is the largest contiguous ecotype in the continental United States, comprising one-third of the land mass of the continental lower 48. This landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

What We Do

Our Projects and Initiatives

For many years, the Fish and Wildlife Service has been conducting research, collaborating with partners, and supporting a landscape-wide conservation strategy to support a healthy sagebrush sagebrush
The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands. The sagebrush landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

Learn more about sagebrush
ecosystem in the west.

Starting in FY22, the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
(BIL) has committed $10 million per year ($50 million over 5 years) to the Service to expand work with partners to restore and conserve strategic areas within the sagebrush ecosystem. These funds build on existing collaborative efforts by the Service and our public and private partners to conserve the sagebrush ecosystem and the significant biological, cultural, and economic resources it supports. These projects will combat invasive grasses and wildfire, reduce encroaching conifers, safeguard precious water resources for neighboring communities and wildlife, and promote community and economic sustainability. Read more about the Director's Priorities and BIL initiative: Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Funds Proven Projects for Wildlife

Find a Sagebrush Restoration Project in your Neighborhood.

Explore the Data Dashboard

 

The Grassland & Sagebrush Conservation Portal is an ArcGIS Online platform that provides access to maps, apps, data, documents, and other resources for practitioners working in grassland and sagebrush biomes.  

Latest Stories and Topics

Work With Us

We work alongside other agencies, partners, non-profits, Tribes, landowners, programs, and the public to strategize, fund, and collaborate on sagebrush sagebrush
The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands. The sagebrush landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

Learn more about sagebrush
conservation. Individual state fish and wildlife agencies have been, and continue to be, central to the implementation of work in sagebrush.  

The Sagebrush Ecosystem is one of several programs that is receiving investments from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
that helps local, state, and Tribal communities tackle the climate crisis and environmental restoration needs while advancing environmental justice, creating jobs, and boosting local economies.    

Projects and Research

FY22 Sagebrush Ecosystem projects with funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

Project Name  

Location  

FY22 Funding 

Supporting Idaho's Proactive Invasive Annual Grass Strategy; Empowering Regional Core Area Partnerships  

ID  

252,000   

Idaho Mesic Rangeland Resources Enhancement: A Statewide Strategy to Increase the Pace and Scale of Delivery  

ID  

120,000   

Idaho Conifer Treatments; Increasing the Pace and Scale of Regional Landscape Strategies  

ID  

144,000   

Upper Snake Sagebrush Steppe Enhancement  

ID  

183,148   

Southeast Idaho Sagebrush Steppe Enhancement  

ID  

52,131   

Idaho's Cheatgrass Challenge; Implementing a State-wide Strategy for Invasive Annual Grasses  

ID  

240,000   

Oregon Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances Initiative to Protect and Enhance Sagebrush Ecosystems on Private Lands  

OR  

250,000   

Assessing, Protecting, and Restoring Mesic Habitats in the Pueblo and Trout Creek Mountains  

OR  

360,000   

Southeastern Oregon Collaboration to Address Primary Threats to Sagebrush Landscapes  

OR  

119,200   

Oregon Department of State Lands  Barbwire Juniper Removal Project  

OR  

120,039   

Burns-Paiute Tribe Jonsboro Upland Native Plant Restoration  

OR  

56,142   

Completing Removal of Encroaching Juniper from the Lower Guano Creek Area on Hart Mountain National Wildlife Refuge  

OR  

114,000   

Easement Support for Sage Grouse Habitat Protection 

WA 

186,000 

Process-Based Stream Restoration in Smith Draw  

WA  

31,514   

Moses Coulee Post-Fire Sage-Steppe Restoration: Phase II   

WA  

183,323   

Restoration of Native Sagebrush Habitats from Cheatgrass Invasion in Northwestern Colorado (Phase 1)  

CO  

230,926   

Gunnison Basin Cheatgrass and Wet Meadow Implementation Project  

CO  

400,000   

SW Montana Sage Steppe Resiliency Project  

MT  

468,508 

Maintaining Sagebrush Cores in Montana’s Northern Great Plains 

MT 

307,546 

Addressing Threats to Sagebrush in Montana’s Musselshell Plains 

MT 

221,935 

Utah: Climate Resilience Projects for Mesic Habitat Restoration and Enhancements  

UT  

232,398   

Utah: Conifer Treatment Projects for Upland Habitat Restoration and Enhancements   

UT  

704,326   

Wyoming Collaborative Sage-Steppe Mesic Habitat Restoration  

WY  

250,000   

Wyoming Invasive Annual Grass Management Collaborative 

WY  

750,000   

Developing Spring Reclamation Plans for Developed and Altered Springs and Associated Spring Brooks and Meadows in Completed Juniper Control Areas on Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge 

NV 

20,000 

Bothwick Habitat Restoration 

NV 

405,000 

Spring and Mesic Habitat Protections for Greater Sage-grouse and Mule deer in NW Nevada 

NV 

212,832 

Kelly Creek Conifer Thinning - Phase I  

NV  

7,660   

Home Ranch Water Distribution - Phase II  

NV  

51,166   

Humboldt Ranch Sagebrush and Riparian Enhancement Project  

NV  

91,162   

Summit Lake Sagebrush Spring(s) into Action  

NV  

70,000   

Vya Conservation District Sagebrush and Wet Meadow Enhancements Phase I  

NV  

100,000   

Clover Valley Speckled Dace Habitat Enhancement Project  

NV  

20,000   

Pinyon-Juniper Removal on Fortynine Mountain for Greater Sage-Grouse   

NV  

200,000   

Reducing Threats to Nevada Sage-grouse Populations through a Programmatic Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances   

NV  

50,000   

Fourmile Creek Wet Meadow Enhancement Project  

NV  

38,050   

Cottonwood Ranch Meadow Enhancement Project  

NV  

25,000   

Invasive Annual Grass Tech Transfer Partnership: Empowering Land Managers to Defend and Grow Sagebrush Cores  

Rangewide  

200,000   

Assessing the Future Sagebrush Core Habitats: Impacts of Climate & Climate Uncertainty, Wildfire and Invasive Species  

Rangewide  

110,000   

Incorporating Connectivity and Wildland Fire Risk into the WAFWA Sagebrush Conservation Design  

Rangewide  

150,000   

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Conservation Actions for Greater Sage-Grouse using Hierarchical Models and the Conservation Efforts Database  

Rangewide  

150,000   

Effect of Conifer Treatments and Landscape Management on Sagebrush Obligate Songbirds and Pinyon Jays in the Great Basin 

NV  

100,000   

Understanding Greater Sage-Grouse Population Trends from the Lens of the WAFWA Conservation Design Strategy: Implications for Management of Impacted, Core, and Growth Opportunity Areas within the Sagebrush Biome  

Rangewide  

75,000   

Assessing Traditional and Emerging Grazing Strategies for Creating a Mosaic of Diverse Habitat Patches for Sagebrush Associated Birds  

MT  

119,682   

Washington Shrub-steppe Restoration and Resiliency Initiative: Defining Shared Spatial Priorities  

WA  

175,000   

Planning for Conservation Delivery Success: Linking Biome-wide Sagebrush Conservation Design to Local Treatment Planning by Leveraging Landscape Restoration Outcomes  

Rangewide  

115,382   

Impacts of Mining Exploration and Development on Sagebrush Ecosystems and Wildlife: A Pilot Study  

NV  

50,000   

Additionally, $562,595 will be used to support critical capacity to build partnerships and deliver on-the-ground conservation projects.