Wildlife & Habitat

512x219_Cinnamon teal_TJ Caskie


The waters, trees, and skies of Bosque del Apache yield a changing mix of birds throughout the seasons. Learn more about the birds of Bosque del Apache.


Because they tend to be residents of the refuge, mammals know the available hiding places well. This may make them trickier to locate: search for evidence of their presence, including tracks and scat. Learn more about the mammals of Bosque del Apache.

Amphibians & Reptiles

Snakes and lizards are expected residents of desert habitats, but a few frogs and salamanders call this place home as well. Learn more about the amphibians and reptiles of Bosque del Apache.


Holes in leaves, mounds of sand, fruit on trees – the impact of insects is evident around the refuge. By far the most numerous group of animals, their diversity has not yet been completely documented. Learn more about the invertebrate species of Bosque del Apache.


Water is especially precious if you are a fish, and a few fish species call the channels, ditches, and semi-permanent wetlands home. Learn more about the fish of Bosque del Apache.


Cacti and creosotebush share this desert habitat with an array of trees, grasses, wildflowers, and shrubs. Learn more about the plants of Bosque del Apache. 

Endangered and Threatened Species 

Because National Wildlife Refuges, like Bosque del Apache, are protected and managed lands, they can make ideal locations for the recovery of plant and animal species that are endangered, threatened, or have another special status through the Endangered Species Act. Learn more about the endangered and threatened species of Bosque del Apache and the work being done to protect them. 


At just over 57,000 acres, Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge encompasses an assortment of habitats, from seasonal wetlands to Chihuahuan Desert. Learn more about the habitats of Bosque del Apache.